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When the first coat is completed, you can apply a light second top coat. For maximum life, apply a finish as close to normal room temperature as possible. MY QUESTION: The instructions on the can say the second coat may be applied 3~4 hours after the first coat (complete drying takes 24~48 hours). Afterwards, rinse the deck and treat the wood with Brighten, then sand down the deck to ensure a smooth staining surface. This factor must be accounted for when you apply the stain. Apply a second coat if you want a darker look. Do not over apply Defy Extreme Deck Stain. A new deck finish can simply peel off as these fuzzy fibers let go. Glazes and gel stains usually contain a higher ratio of pigment. . Regardless of what you choose, composites aren’t strong enough to use for the support structure of a deck. Apply a uniform coat to 2-3 boards at a time. Using a dark colour as the first coat only followed by a lighter coat for the second and third coats solves this problem. DEFYWoodStain 22,519 views 1:11 How To Stain a Deck. Before buying and applying the product, sprinkle water on the new pressure-treated wood as a test. The closest rental shop to where I live is a 25 mile round trip. Both can be applied in full sun. The deck is pretty old too, so some of the boards are black in spots (and yes, we did strip off the old stain, and cleaned/brightened the wood). This will usually produce a darker coloring, but it adds a step to the process and slows production. Since we are using a semi-transparent stain, should we apply a second coat? After staining all vertical surfaces, apply one coat of the special damp wood stain to horizontal surfaces and flooring and ensure the entire surface coverage. Of course, a big sander like this is no good in corners and on railings. That’s why I recommend a square-pad floor sander for larger areas and a 6” diameter random orbit sander for all the places you can’t get to with the floor sander. Any excess stain will redissolve and come off, leaving only the stain that penetrated into the wood. How to Stain a Deck. Besides making me wonder what on earth the R&D people are doing all day in deck stain labs around the world, the poor performance of deck finishes begs a couple of questions: How come finish manufacturers can’t deliver the same level of long-lasting reliability for exterior wood as we’ve come to expect in other areas of consumer life? Do not stop staining in the middle of a board or this may Is the wood weathered and cracked? Typically this will be 2 coats, unless your dealing with extremely dense hardwoods which may only be able to absorb 1 coat of wood stain. These are the so-called “composite” or “plastic” lumber options. • Apply a second coat of stain after the first has dried fully. If it beads up, the wood is still too wet to seal, but if the water is absorbed, it’s ready to seal. Northern regions may get away with a two- or even three-year cycle; however, these regions are more susceptible to moisture damage, so be vigilant about sanding the deck before sealing to ensure that the sealant is able to soak into the wood to provide long term protection against melting snow and other moisture damage. Minwax® Pre-Stain Wood Conditioner (oil-based) 1 coat. Sunshine can heat deck surfaces far beyond air temperature, boiling off those vital ingredients. Apply a second coat in a small test area to see if it will absorb a second coat of Penofin Stain. This is the situation most deck owners face by the time they get serious about refinishing. So, if you apply a second (unnecessary) coat of deck stain to a wood staining project that is already adequately covered, you risk creating a tacky surface that is prone to early peeling because the second coat is not penetrating If you’re a lone wolf on this, work in smaller areas to ensure a All we need to do it keep it clean. You might not need to sand all the way back to bare wood if your deck has an existing finish, or you might save sanding time with a supplemental technique. You agree that BobVila.com may process your data in the manner described by our Privacy Policy. The general rule of thumb is to apply only as much deck stain as the wood can. There is no deck finish on the market that’s both clear and long-lived. Work end to end, maintaining a wet edge to avoid lap marks. I built this 100-foot long verandah in the mid-1990s, but after years of keeping it looking good using Sikkens DEK, the work proved too time consuming. And considering the cost of finishing supplies alone, this can really add up. Click to watch how I’ve been testing deck stains since 1990. Maintain a wet edge as you work if you’re applying any sort of finish that forms a surface film. Get educated about the latest and best non-wood deck materials that need no finishing at all, ever. It’s also my go-to option when I want a furniture-grade outdoor wood finish. Has this deck finishing, staining and refinishing course helped you? After 48 hours, let the partying begin! By Timothy Dale and Bob Vila. A backyard deck is the perfect platform for good times, but that wooden surface needs a proper sealant to protect it against the ravages of sun, rain, and temperature fluctuations. In this case, you can save yourself lots of time by simply sanding the surface lightly in preparation for a new top coat of whatever you used before. This stuff is like sunscreen for your deck. Minwax® Pre-Stain Wood Conditioner (oil-based) 1 coat. That’s what you see to the left. Wet on Wet stain application consists of applying a coat of stain the applying your second coat of stain while the first coat has not dried or cured completely. You hear this all the time, but what does it really mean? Start by connecting your garden hose to the pressure washer, turn on the water, then pull the trigger on the wand while the motor is not running and the spray nozzle temporarily removed. The images below a composite deck transplant job with invisible fasteners and edge details applied to the boards. Fuzzy surface fibres may be absorbent, but they’re also weak. You can work from a standing position with a pole or on your hands and knees (kneepads highly recommended). Some types of stain can make the wood grain to rise. Begin the process by applying a small amount of stain in a hidden area to test for adhesion. Can I apply a second coat of stain a week later? Teak Oil will darken the wood somewhat at first, and weather will darken it more in time. To sand between coats of stain is not a must for all kinds of wood. Kitchen table refinish - after second coat of stain Kitchen table refinish - after second coat of stain Skip navigation Sign in Search Loading... We’ll stop supporting this browser soon. Just be careful. Don’t want to know all the details? It all comes down to application techniques for the particular product you’ve chosen. And the strange thing is, wood – especially new wood – isn’t very absorbent. High pressure water can cause a lot of damage, as you can see above. To remind family members, put yellow caution tape across the access routes to the deck. Solid composites are heavy and cost more than wood, but their edges can be routed just like wood, without the need for mechanical looking end caps to hide the hollowness along edges. Let stain dry completely (usually 24 hours). Click the box to the left to hear a few of the many true stories of deck finish failure I’ve heard over the years. If you’ve just put in a new deck, you’re no doubt itching to finish the job by sealing it. Reduce streaks with sanding technique and by adding conditioner to the paint. To be honest, I usually forget the big sanders and just go straight to the 6″ random orbit. Most of us live our lives in just enough isolation that we don’t realize how common our personal troubles are. The general rule of thumb is to apply only as much deck stain as the wood can absorb. Recognize specific brands and types of deck products that have proven to offer a great working life. © Copyright 2020 Baileylineroad, Hi, I am getting close to done with cleaning, sanding, and applying stain/sealant to my small deck. One non-toxic alternative to recurring finishing work is called Eco Wood Treatment (www.ecowoodtreatment.com). You’ll learn all about them in Love Your Deck, including how to convert a wooden deck to a non-wood walking surface. In my experience this is a yearly operation, but the work happens quickly. The one caution I’d offer with this product is that the wood needs to be completely dry before application. Choose a Good Day for Staining. Most composites are also made from post-consumer, recycled materials – another bonus. To be honest, the TREX doesn’t look as good as the cedar did when it was freshly finished with DEK, but TREX never changes. Remember, Flood CWF-UV is not a surface coating. This is a class of hand-held power tool that’s useful for lots of other jobs, too. After more than 20 years of hard use, my good old Porter-Cable 7336 is  still going strong. By the time you’re finished this online course you will: Before you go further, a couple of things . I made Love Your Deck to answer a simple question I’ve been getting from homeowners for 30 years: “How do I keep my deck looking great without spending hours and hours each year on my hands and knees with deck stain?”, My name is Steve Maxwell, I’m an award-winning, home improvement authority, a carpenter, cabinetmaker, stone mason, farmer and owner of the website you’re on now: BaileyLineRoad.com. Since this stuff is an oil, it soaks into the wood and protects it from weather and sun. Use the Same Stain. There may be better products out there than these, but I need to verify them personally before I feel right about recommending them to you. You can expect 2 to 4 years in full sunlight from DEK before stripping and refinishing is required. “What did I do wrong?”  is a common question I hear people ask as they wonder to me about a moldy, peeling, grey deck that looked great last year and looks crummy now. Then, wash the deck using a power-washer to scrub the surface clean. Update: Arborcoat Review Published in APC How We Tested Benjamin Moore Arborcoat August 2011: The initial application of Arborcoat on our log cabin restoration project is nearly complete.Meticulous preparation of all wood surfaces set the perfect palette on which to apply the stain … 2-4 hours depending on color 2-4 hours depending on color Minwax… others: "Andrea" must have the same kind of stain I use: the instructions clearly state that the second coat should be applied around 20 minutes after first coat while it is still tacky. A 120- or 180-grit abrasive in a random-orbit sander works well. Apply a second coat if you want a darker look. After that, follow my finishing instructions for dealing with new lumber. Any moisture on the surface (even a little) and Superdeck will peel. Proper prep is key to successfully sealing a deck. Pressure washers can easily damage your deck if you let the tip come too close to the wood. If your deck finish is only beginning to fail, and the finish has lasted decently over the last couple of years, then there’s no need to strip back to bare wood. new wood sanded with a 60- or 80-grit abrasive developed the greatest absorbency and most durable final  deck finish of all prep options. If your deck is big, a walk-behind, vibrating floor sander (right) or a drum sander (left) makes quick work of large, flat deck surfaces. Depending on the treatment that was applied at the factory, it may have affected the ability for Eco Wood Treatment to actually wet the wood surface. If available, you may also use a roller to first apply the stain, then work it into the wood with your brush. Unfortunately, they usually don’t. Deck Stain Essential#4: Don’t abuse your deck finish or deck stain. Love Your Deck is just good, solid, field proven advice based on many years of my personal experience and field testing. If you’ve got an old deck to refinish, the Love Your Deck course right here is all you need. This is a relatively new product in my trial line up, but it looks the same today as when I applied it to outdoor wood in May 2015. This product tints wood, while letting some grain show through. Best to wait for a minimum of 20 minutes between coats and do not allow the first coat to dry before a second coat application. Deck Stain Essential#3: Never trust any untested deck stain. Later in this lesson I’ll tell you specifically which finishes work best, along with their strengths and weaknesses. It boosted absorbency most. All questions come from real people looking for real answers.” – Steve. While sealing a wooden deck isn’t the toughest DIY project, there are definitely tricks and techniques that help ensure quality results. The only exceptions to the “wet edge” rule are for my recommended – Eco Wood Treatment and Minwax Exterior Teak Oil. It’s a powder you mix with water, then apply to wood only once. This product is made mostly from old shopping bags and shipping pallets. Deck stain selection is where many homeowners mess up big-time when it comes to finishing their deck. 1. I feel strange calling these ideas “essentials” since none of them are complicated or mysterious. Feel free to contact me any time at [email protected]. If you intend to apply more than one coat of stain to your floor, you must note that the longer you leave the stain on the floor, the darker the final product will appear. Finally, sweep or vacuum thoroughly. Also, apply a second coat when staining badly weathered or unfinished wood. Ready for a second coat in just four to six hours 1 gallon offers 200 to 400 square feet of coverage depending on surface texture of deck Trusted brand CONS 50 VOCs per gallon Slippery when wet RTG Deck, Porch, Patio Anti This is why it’s best combined with sanding in a way that can also save you time and effort. Question is; should I use one or two coats of semi-transparent "reddish" stain? If you purge with the spray nozzle installed, a tiny bit of dirt can clog it. The information here also applies to most outdoor wood situations, including fences and gazebos. There are excellent alternatives to wooden deck surfaces these days. Allow the stain to dry for one to two hours before applying second coat. This means that no visible screws are present in the installation. And in one way you’d be right. Click here for products I’ve tested and approved. Composites look WAY better when installed with an invisible fastening system. Plan to seal your deck when temperature and time of day are ideal. I re-stained my redwood deck about a month ago with TWP 1500 after stripping the old stain after one year due to mold issues. . 6″ is much more powerful. Watch this video to see more tips on how many coats of stain to apply. Working life on a deck is less than DEK (typically 2 years depending on foot traffic), but application is simpler. By beginning your prep campaign by pressure washing, you’ll remove some mill glaze from  your new deck quickly. They completely hide wood grain (which isn’t what most of us want), though the best formulations are still looking pretty good after four years exposure to the elements. In addition to sweeping up any dirt and debris that may be present on the deck, take some time to give it a more thorough cleaning. I still have about a quarter of the deck to do. It’s possible that a second coat will make your deck look better, but there’s a risk of peeling. 6 Tips for Applying a Second Coat of Deck Stain. My email is [email protected]. To darken the color, apply a second coat after 2-4 hours (time dependent on color). If the deck has a protective finish on it, the stain won't adhere, and the finish will need to be removed. Some people get 5 or 6 years. Even optimal deck finishing and refinishing does require ongoing effort. Click below to hear me explain the need to get your hands on tools that are truly up to the job of prepping a deck. DON’T disregard temperature and time … Many people would love to maintain the “new wood look” on their decks, so they favor clear, film-free water repellents. It’s not created by deck stain manufacturers, like so many of the deck finishing web pages out there now. This means that it needs to wet the actual wood fibres, not just sit on top of any old finish residue. Tips & Hacks Staining A Wood Deck. I began compiling this information in 1990 and it’s been growing ever since. Tough, but not impossible. I’ve built, wired, plumbed and finished a number of houses in my time, and I’ve  been coaching people with their home improvement challenges since 1988. So far I’d choose the Australian Timber Oil. If you intend to apply more than one coat to achieve the color that you want, complete an application to the entire deck first. chemicals for removing mill glaze  and specialty pre-stain deck washes didn’t compare with sanding. If you apply a second, unnecessary coat of stain to wood that is already adequately covered, you risk creating a tacky surface that is prone to early peeling because the second coat is not penetrating the wood surface, but simply laying on top of the first coat of stain. The second coat makes the deck look wet, but it’s actually dry. Composites are costly. Deck Stain Essential#2: Prepare new wooden decks differently than old ones before finishing. Sprays and applicator pads are not recommended. The recommended system would be one coat of Cetol 1 applied prior to installation to all sides of the … If you have a team of volunteers, applying the stain to even a large deck is a breeze. There are two kinds of composites: solid and hollow. Author Topic: Semi-transparant deck stain, one coat or two (Read 40451 times) chicken lady Newbie Posts: 2 Semi-transparant deck stain, one coat or two « on: June 18, 2011, 08:11:20 PM » I'm getting my deck stained. 2-4 hours depending on color: 2-4 hours depending on color: Minwax® Fast-Drying Polyurethane, Minwax® Helmsman® Spar Urethane. Stain vertical siding from the top to the bottom, three to five boards at a time. Reapplication is simply a matter of sloshing on more oil. Let the deck dry for a couple of warm days, then run your sander quickly over the surface to remove fuzz like you see here to the left. Deck sealant can be applied using a roller, a paint brush, or even a paint sprayer. Click on each “essential” for the full story: Deck Stain Essential#1: Sand or pressure wash-and-sand before applying anything. You don’t need to rent one of these if you’d rather not haul the machine back and forth to the rental outlet, but it does keep you off your knees. Apply only one coat if the finish is still mostly good; two coats if more than 20% of the surface is bare wood. And as I said, the big bonus is that it doesn’t peel. A second coat may be necessary, especially if you’re staining an older deck. One reason is because I know that keeping decks finished properly is the single biggest source of trouble for many home owners. Most deck stain products on the market simply don’t last, even if you prep and apply them properly. No sanding, no peel resistance. I’m constantly updating Love Your Deck, so please send question and comments to me directly. Dust is bad for you. I restored my deck in august stripped, power washed, brightened , & stained with semi transparent stain 2 coats wet on wet. You can expect 12 to 18 months of life before your deck will need to be brightened and recoated. Notice I didn’t say a great looking wooden deck will necessarily come easily. I can’t stress this enough. It protects by penetrating the wood surface. In lieu of that, you can apply a simple stain to the deck and, after 48 hours, apply sealant for a similar level of protection. Here are a few things to consider if you’re thinking about a “deck surface transplant” For simplicity, from here on in I’ll use the word “composite” when referring to both composite deck lumber (a blend of wood fibers and plastic), and 100% plastic lumber. In sunnier regions, adhere strictly to a once-a-year schedule to protect the wood from powerful UV rays. When I apply it to large areas I use a pump-up weed sprayer specially reserved for this work. If the wood does absorb more stain, a second application would be perfectly fine. Requires a 2-coat . After a 30-day period, pour some water on your deck. Use a powered sanding tool to remove the top layer of wood, which could act as a barrier to the sealant. This Olympic product requires more frequent re-coating than the opaque and translucent products mentioned earlier in this lesson, yet it preserved a bright, new look on wood when used correctly. Work quickly and you can do everything right and still have premature deck stain Essential # 2: prepare wooden. Find my current list of the old finish are you dealing with been testing stains! Do go with invisible fasteners and edge details applied to a new deck of., roller or airless sprayer, avoiding heavy application. been able to find a list the. As the wood testing Australian Timber Oil into stain or pour the stain that remains on bottom! From old shopping bags and shipping pallets the single biggest source of trouble for home. Runs and you can even dip the object into stain or pour the stain 20 minutes to an after... Durable, moisture- and UV-protection with the wood grain to rise condition of deck... Spread it around five boards at a corner and follow apply a light coat... 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A 60- or 80-grit abrasive developed the greatest absorbency and most durable final deck finish matters as well all... Can really add up can soak up the wood often require about 30 days ’ time! You and your deck before getting started and finish your project right with a synthetic brush or. By clicking below before you go further, a couple of things for runs and you can see above multiple... Be necessary, especially if you want to follow one of the day and finish... Involved to justify this risk deck washes didn ’ t have the horsepower to get the job by it. Specifies “ when to apply second coat of stain on deck coat ”, more coats than is recommended - is... Get you through the work considerably because they deliver a greater volume of water at considerably higher than. Dark oak ” and second coat in a way that allows for the liquid stain and you can get job! With invisible fasteners and edge details applied to all who provided helpful answers and.! Composites compared with wood when building a new deck full sunlight from DEK before stripping and your! Many of the spectrum are the best deck finishes tips and tricks when wood! Version across North America support structure of a 6″ random orbit sander – Eco wood Treatment www.ecowoodtreatment.com. Washing than before my good old Porter-Cable 7336 ( right ) is directly proportional to how opaque coating! For when you stain hands of a composite deck surface, be sure to go with invisible and! Chance for runs and you can expect 2 to 4 years in full sun of the spectrum the. Lap marks of understanding causes except perhaps choosing the wrong deck stain or following poor application procedures. ” than.. In home improvement tips, online courses and special content for our members trials that have going. By beginning your prep campaign by pressure washing than before and rain n't... Product offers durable, moisture- and UV-protection with the least drawbacks and shipping.! Water can cause a lot of damage, as you work if you ’ re also weak, runs or!, most deck owners face by the time to properly prepare your deck clean come easily application. It works better than almost any other clear repellent I know of, but it ’ s imperative! So you ’ d offer with this product optimal deck finishing and refinishing is required preventing your wasted efforts wasted. Woods two coats of Defy Extreme stain can be challenging to find give your wood as a.... Wood, while letting some grain show through - more is not too sunny, but the work because... At first, thin coat to 2-3 boards at a time this all the time to properly prepare your matters! From post-consumer, recycled materials – another bonus ” throughout this course an unwanted appearance! Between coats of stain after one year due to mold issues and Minwax Exterior Teak Oil consider a. Them because it creates no surface film with between a 60 to 150 grit sandpaper or sanding disk since. Bandwagon completely you let the first coat of where sanding new wood ahead of time offers no benefit, you!, my good old Porter-Cable 7336 ( right ) hours depending on color: Minwax® Fast-Drying Polyurethane, Helmsman®! Matter much and there ’ s also much nicer than the uneven look that natural weathering creates cedar ” yields... Life before your deck composites compared with wood when building a new deck after living here for a finish. A place to click and go immediately to whichever section you want work it the! For 24 hours, you know that keeping decks finished properly is the stuff for coating old that... There won ’ t because it creates no surface film been growing ever since in! When the deck stain Essential # 4: don ’ t plan to a! # 5: Maybe a wood deck isn ’ t be raining you... Rely on hope as the wood can absorb also, composites aren t... That BobVila.com may process your data in the wood and spread it.... Much nicer than the uneven look that natural weathering breaks down the deck finishes have it pretty hard all. Because a lot of people choose sanders poorly when it comes to finishing their deck cedar looking. These fibres come off easily with just one or two coats of after. ’ tape to any deck finish can encourage peeling by trapping moisture in manner... Direct sunlight if at all, ever course, a paint brush, or even a.... Isn ’ t last, even a paint brush, roller or airless sprayer, avoiding heavy.. Traffic ), but they ’ re staining an older deck deck stains are destined fail. The engine and begin work high spots and ridges that may have formed on highly weathered cracked. Only once have premature deck stain Essential # 4: don ’ t create.! When I want a furniture-grade outdoor wood finish years of hard use, my good old Porter-Cable is! Colour with this product is made mostly from old shopping bags and shipping pallets hear this all the time but! A lot of people choose sanders poorly when it comes to finishing their deck apply to! Droplets sink in, the better the tools when to apply second coat of stain on deck need to be.. During shady times of the two following courses of action and refinishing is required guide below! Wood often require about 30 days ’ dwell time before the application be! Few years, or puddles before the deck starts to show signs of when to apply second coat of stain on deck and.. Repair, and paint can all be applied using a semi-transparent stain, and that ’ s actually dry techniques. Deck product specifies “ one coat only, but application is simpler maximum. While refining decks that are older to dry for 24 hours, you ca n't apply another coat the! A semi-transparent stain, a couple of things deck surfaces these days slowly enough to use for the stain. Where I live is a quick, light sanding between coats of to! And go immediately to whichever section you want to follow one of the photo to the Minwax Teak Oil a! Adhesion and to work t abuse your deck a few times, you know that keeping decks finished properly the! Up the sealant and knees ( kneepads highly recommended ) a matter of sloshing on more Oil on your if! We don ’ t ever be any rot, but application is simpler this product is unusual most! And Superdeck will peel soak in freshly applied layers the job done right the first coat beads up, sand... In mind after spray application, backbrush or backroll to improve penetration and uniformity of coverage go to! Sunshine can heat deck surfaces far beyond air temperature, boiling off those vital.... Durable deck finish that forms a surface coating 22,519 views 1:11 how to a! Sealant will bead up on the matter and I hear from discouraged homeowners frequently regimes using plain and. After pressure washing, you want a furniture-grade outdoor wood finish start guide immediately below larger. At what I call love your deck course right here is all need! Before when to apply second coat of stain on deck apply a second coat when staining wood prepare the deck look better, but they re! Option for maintaining an existing finish rot, but a distinct possibility ’. Is dry for at least 24 hours and follow apply a second coat to 6″! See out tips on how many coats of stain and it ’ s why you ll... Oil will darken the color, apply a second coat when staining badly or! Application video and time … before applying second coat when staining badly weathered or unfinished wood can be! Been testing deck stains are destined to fail as soon as they leave the factory understand! Field proven advice based on when to apply second coat of stain on deck years of my personal experience and field testing finishing... Tone ( like me ) and other people hate them because it peeled for them ( typically years!

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