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Original Joseph Hooker Rhododendrons (or Sikkim Rhododendrons) can still be seen and marvelled at in Britain today. I. Subgenus Rhododendron sections Rhododendron & Pogonanthum.” Notes from the RoyalBotanic GardenEdinburgh. It occurs in habitats and elevations similar to those of R. dalhousiae but is found only at the eastern end of the range of that species (northeastern India (Arunachal Pradesh), Bhutan, & southern Tibet). rhododendron species (Sikkim and Darjeeling States together), of which 34 were new species (Hooker 1849). Genus Rhododendron Status in Sikkim Himalaya: An Assessment Onkar N. Tiwari and U. K. Chauhan School of Environmental Biology, A.P.S. rhododendron mixed with degraded soil in 1:1 and (T7) survey, out of 36 species of Sikkim Himalayan rhododendron rhizosphere soil mixed with degraded soil rhododendrons, 10 were selected (with 45 different forms in 3:1. km, the place is renowned for being home to Red Panda and Black Bear, the rare Himalayan species. In fact, plants grown with a restricted root zone in this fashion will bloom much sooner than those grown under more favorable conditions in the ground. Sikkim is rich in cultural and biological diversity. Although Pelling is a small town in Sikkim it is the second most visited place after Gangtok. cinnamomeum var. Bird species found in the park include Wood snipe and Hoary-throated barwing. The fauna that can be witnessed in the sanctuary includes Leopard cat , Himalayan Yellow Throated Marten , Himalayan Palm Civet, Himalayan Langur, Crimson Horned Pheasant, Monal Pheasant, Kaleej and many other species of birds. Kanchendzonga, the rich flora and fauna of Sikkim, several herbal plants and the flourishing rhododendron forests will offer you a memorable experience. The lower surface has small, dark brown to reddish scales over a brownish to glaucous-green surface. The upper surface of the foliage is dark green and slightly bullate with deeply impressed veins. rhabdotum typically flowers later (mid- to late summer) than R. dalhousiae (late spring). Hooker visited Sikkim during 1848-49 and the account published by him in 'Himalayan Journals' is still one of the most comprehensive description of the botanical splendour of this region. The lowland forests of Sikkim are home to Sikkim's largest reptile Burmese python ,house geckos, the Himalayan … It is located at 15000 feet. In October of 2003, I was a member of an expedition to this region and although we did not see it in flower, just seeing variety rhabdotum in its native habitat was one of the highlights of the trip. Similar to 1977/703 but with a larger and more greenish-yellow flush, red stripes. The classification currently used in Britain was devised by Sir Isaac Bayley Balfour of the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, and further developed by other botanists there after his death in 1922. Rhododendrons form dominating species all along the temperate, subalpine and alpine zones in the Sikkim Himalaya. Cox. Abies webbiana Gobre Salla 2. 1990. The years 1848-1850 will always stand out in the history of rhododendron cultivation as the beginning of the great era of Sino-Himalayan rhododendron discovery and introduction. It is almost always quite leggy with the leaves and flowers clustered atop long vigorous shoots. 1977/605 Tatum. Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary trek in West Sikkim is the home for different varieties of rhododendron species.The Barsey Rhododendron … R.falconeria (ac 74/6) Photo by Fran Rutherford. At that time he considered the then known six species of Azalea [15] that he had described earlier in 1735 in his Systema Naturae as a separate genus. Adina griffithii pathnele 8. Sikkim alone is home to more than 36 rhododendron species. species/ name of Rhododendrons in Sikkim: (38 Species) SN Rhododendron species in Sikkim 1. Sikkim is home to around 5,000 species of flowering plants, 515 rare orchids, 60 primula species, 36 rhododendron species, 11 oak varieties, 23 bamboo varieties, 16 conifer species, 362 types of ferns and ferns allies, 8 tree ferns, and over 900 medicinal plants. hypenanthum. Rhododendron species, in Sikkim. A review on the rhododendron conservation effort in the Sikkim and other parts of Indian Himalaya is presented here, with particular emphasis on ecology, baseline assessment, uses, growth studies, ex situ and in situ conservation initiatives. tashii by Pradhan & Lachungpa in Sikkim-Himalayan Rhododendrons (1990). The older stems are quite attractive with smooth and exfoliating, reddish brown bark. The Barsey Rhododendron trek specifically covers the highlands of the Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary in West Sikkim, which has 13 different species of rhododendron. I. Portland, OR: Timber Press. Total no. West Sikkim Holiday Packages; Flights to West Sikkim; West Sikkim Restaurants; West Sikkim Attractions; West Sikkim Travel Forum; West Sikkim Photos; West Sikkim Map; West Sikkim Guide; All West Sikkim Hotels; West Sikkim Hotel Deals; By Hotel Type. This illustration is from his spectacular book, Rhododendrons of Sikkim Himalaya, published in 1851 - and this variety is still grown at Kew today. Sikkim is blessed with some rare and exotic flora and fauna which features 5000 species of flowering plant, 515 rare orchids, 60 primula species, and 36 rhododendron species. Kuntze Homonyms Rhododendron pumilum Nutt. Rhododendron edgeworthii was one of the species discovered and named by Hooker. … The cups were placed inside study. Sprawled across an area of 104 sq. With a personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free. Forest, Environment & Wildlife Management Department, Government of Sikkim, Deorali, Gangtok – 737102 Website: www.sikenvis.nic.in Email: sik@envis.nic.in Tele/Fax: 03592-280381 Total no. album D.Bhattach. Species richness and diversity are significantly lower in heavily utilized forest. Rhododendrons are viewed as indicators of ecosystem health of forest areas as these plants offer niche for several faunal species. Drawing by Joseph Dalton Hooker. Travel Trove… the Rhododendron Trek in Sikkim. There are about 36 species with 45 different forms (including subspecies and varieties) in the Sikkim Himalaya. rhabdotum are quite similar except for the five bright red stripes running the length of each corolla lobe. Rhododendron pumilum Hook.f. Perth, Scotland: Glendoick Press. rhabdotum) is also the bearer of awards, including the AM in 1931 to a clone shown by Bodnant and the FCC to clone shown by Exbury in 1934. To find out, researchers at the Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and Environment including Shweta Basnett studied rhododendron trees in … Like most plants that are epiphytic in the wild, they are adapted to periods of drought and grow well with a small, somewhat restricted root system. He listed five species under Rhododendron (Rhododendron ferrugineum (type species), R. dauricum, R. hirsutum, R. chamaecistus (now Rhodothamnus chamaecistus (L.) Rchb.) Rhododendron dalhousiae: 6 Occurs in Pangthang,Chungthang and Lachungin North Sikkim … I will never forget the magnificent floral display and sheer abundance of this species in a small area of southern Sikkim. Using IUCN (2001) guidelines for categorization eight species are being evaluated. 5, 10 SEPTEMBER 2003 603. Identification of major gaps and constraints of forestry policy and plans and current practices of rhododendron conservation and management have been made. The large clusters of pale creamy yellow trumpets were vividly highlighted against the dark green foliage of the trees in which they grew. The dense forests, hills and mountains of Sikkim are home to a huge variety of animal species from musk deer and red panda , to bharal or blue sheep ,the Himalayan black bear and the exclusive snow leopard. However, trekking between the months of September to October is equally good if not better. Singalia in Sikkim is home to the Singalia National Park, which is home to some of the most exotic Himalayan animal species. roseum. The famous botanist J.D. Despite its lack of hardiness, this species has remained quite popular – a testimony to the beauty and splendor of it floral display. At the time, our rhododendron tour group was traveling through a large tea estate on our way back to Gangtok, the capital city. The Rhododendron Species. Home Sikkim Rhododendron Trek. Nature Lover's paradise. Lepachas, Bhutias, Limbus and Nep alese are the main ethnie groups of Sikkim and they differ from each other in their food habits and lifestyle, which also play a major rôle in survival and conservation of Sikkim Himalayan rhododendrons. They are tubular to funnel-campanulate in shape and range in color from white to cream or pale yellow, often flushed rose and usually with at least some fragrance. The red-striped version of this species (R. dalhousiae var. Cream flowers with red stripes. 1980. This study emphasizes that the forest rhododendrons in the habitats are severely threatened. The flowers of var. rhabdotum are quite similar except for the five bright red stripes running the length of each corolla lobe. excellens, nuttallii, lindleyi, taggianum, liliiflorum, kiangsiense, levinei, and chunienii(?). Sikkim is home to around 5,000 species of flowering plants, 515 rare orchids, 60 primula species, 36 rhododendron species, 11 oak varieties, 23 bamboo varieties, 16 conifer species, 362 types of ferns and ferns allies, 8 tree ferns, and over 900 medicinal plants. Nearly 165 species have been named after the state, as they were first collected from the state or plants were known to occur in Sikkim. Flowering in April-May this is one of the finest yellow species. … The small State … Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Mandane 6. Varsey Rhododendron Sanctuary, West Sikkim: Hours, Address, Varsey Rhododendron Sanctuary Reviews: 4.5/5 nilagiricum. L ater return to Lachung. Cox, Peter A. and Kenneth N.E. Populations of this species in northern Sikkim are described as being uniformly lemon-green in color and have been designated as ssp. and R. maximum). Arunachal Pradesh is home to the highest number with 119 taxa (74 species, 21 sub species and 24 varieties) of the Rhododendron. Situated on the Singalila … rhabdotum are quite similar except for the five bright red stripes running the length of each corolla lobe. In gardens, var. Over this four year period, he collected a massive 7,000 plant species, including 45 species of Rhododendron of which 25 were new to the world of botany. R. anthopogon ssp. R. pendulumHook.f. Further we visit Yumesamdong or locally knows as 0 point. CURRENT SCICENCE is published by the Current Science Association, Bangalore, in collaboration with Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore. The trees seemed to be literally dripping with blooming R. dalhousiae! Sikkim Rhododendron Trek. The small State … Published By: Current Science Association, Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. Other members of this Alliance include RR. Bibliographic References Plants grown from seed collected in this region have since flowered, and I have been most impressed with the overall size and quality of the blossoms – much finer than any that I have previously seen in cultivation. Sikkim's botanical diversity has attracted a large number of plant collectors from different parts of the world since Griffith's visit in 1843. While all the slopes of the hills are covered with Arboreum, Falconeri, Barbatum, Hodgsoni and Campanulatum, the rhododendron species that are most common in this shrine. R. arboreum ssp. “A very compact and bushy form.”. Barsey Rhododendron sanctuary trek. The Barsey Rhododendron sanctuary has around 600 varieties of Rhododendron along with other kinds of flora. A very closely related taxon, R. dalhousiae var. Shingba Rhododendron Sanctuary is a nature park in the Indian state of Sikkim. Rhododendrons conservation in the Sikkim Himalaya K. K. Singh*, S. Kumar, L. K. Rai and A. P. Krishna Rhododendrons form a major plant group at upper temperate locations having a characteristic slow growth rate and sizable horticultural value. As with most epiphytic rhododendrons, R. dalhousiae can be quite straggly and open in its growth habit, ranging from fully upright and shrub-like to procumbent and sprawling. The thick jungle trail is full of wildlife like leopards, wild boars and red pandas to name a few and there are numerous variety of chirping birds which surely will be delightful for the trekkers. Homonyms Rhododendron hodgsonii Hook.f. Acer oblongum Phirphrey 4. Flowers white with red stripes and a yellowish flush at the base of the tube. Rhododendrons are the dominant component of every forest type in the Sikkim Himalayas, and the plants change their shape, size, and flower characteristics with a rise in the elevation. Special Sections are also published on diverse and topical themes and this has served as a platform for scientific fraternity to get their work acknowledged and highlighted. During the entire trek, the fascinating views of the Mt. Sikkim is home to around 5,000 species of flowering plants, 515 rare orchids, 60 primula species and 36 rhododendron species. rhabdotum in my own garden in West Seattle and have found that judicious pinching back for the first two or three years results in a well-branched small tree. Abstract- The genus Rhododendron belongs to the family Ericaceae and was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1737 in Genera Plantarum.Joseph Hooker’s visit to Sikkim Himalaya between 1848 and 1850 unfold the rhododendron world of this area. The Rhododendron Trek in Sikkim takes you through the traditional culture of the Sikkimese, en route the Kagyud Monastery and Sherpa village. Forest, Environment & Wildlife Management Department, Government of Sikkim, Deorali, Gangtok – 737102 Website: www.sikenvis.nic.in Email: sik@envis.nic.in Tele/Fax: 03592-280381 Total no. Apart from ground slipper orchid and Rhododendron (Sikkim’s state tree), tourists can also encounter rare trees such as Oak, Champ, Ferns, and Orchids. These plants, once they have become “pot-bound” are actually quite tough and easy to maintain. 2006/046, 2006/081 & 2006/116 All from KCSH#0310 – grown from seed collected in the wild. It has forty species of rhododendron trees. Rhododendron species Rhododendron hodgsonii Name Synonyms Azalea hodgsonii (Hook.fil.) Wonderful smoky purple mauve flowers in a ball shaped truss flower in April-May. Arunachal Pradesh is home to the highest number with 119 taxa (74 species, 21 sub species and 24 varieties) of the Rhododendron. Populations of this species in northern Sikkim are described as being uniformly lemon-green in color and have been designated as ssp. tashii by Pradhan & Lachungpa in Sikkim-Himalayan Rhododendrons (1990). It has a slightly open habit and will grow as wide as it is tall. The flowers of var. Acer cambelli kapasi 5. Kitam (Bird) Wildlife Sanctuary. Individual species were studied for their field character, habitat, morphological This wildlife attraction in Geyzing, Sikkim is known for its wide variety of rhododendron and several other species like Oak, Primula, Pine and Magnolia. This may be an indicator of a greater problem, and more species may follow a similar path of disintegration. It is located in the Yumthang Valley of Flowers north of Lachung in North Sikkim district. Vol. Lithographed by Walter Hood Fitch. Hooker's letters reveal that collecting these plants in … Name Synonyms Azalea pumila (Hook.fil.) The inflorescence consists of two to six flowers which are typically around four inches in length. For sheer majesty in the genus Rhododendron, one would be hard-pressed to surpass the big-leafed Himalayan tree R. falconeri.The huge bold leathery leaves up to 14 inches in length are more than matched by the large, rounded inflorescence of white to pale yellow flowers. Snow is in abundance after the autumn season. This species grows rather taller than the other scented rhododendron species and can get to 25 feet. In the background is the plateau Tso Lhamo, at 5,490 metres.- Conservation of the geographically diverse and bilogically rich state has become an ecological imperative. Cymbidium, Dendrobium, Gentiana, Juncus, Pedicularis, Primula, Rhododendron and Swertia recorded from the region. I grow several specimens of both var. The impact of land use and management on the conservation of diversity is analysed and discussed. Also the view of Mt Kanchendzonga is spectacular . He was the first to introduce many Sikkim rhododendron species to European About some rhododendron species, variants and hybrids in Sikkim - H. Eiberg 86 Selected Presentation 87 Wild rhododendrons of Bhutan - R. Pradhan 88 Action Plan and Strategies 93 . The journal covers all branches of pure/applied science and technology such as physics, chemistry, life sciences, medicine, earth sciences, engineering and technology. It has been used to a small degree in hybridizing, with ‘Snow Mantle,’ ‘Alf Bramley,’ and ‘Countess of Haddington’ among its progeny. The flowers of var. 1982. Places Covered : NJP/Bagdogra – Gangtok – Jorethang – Versey – Hilley – Uttarey – Pelling Duration : 10 Nights / 11 Days. Sikkim-Himalayan Rhododendrons. The sanctuary is part of the Sacred Himalayan Landscape. This makes it one of the leading states in the Northeast region in terms of production and supply of cut flowers to mainland consumer markets. Kitam Bird Sanctuary is a protected sanctuary located at Kitam near … Request Permissions. at 10,000ft is a rhododendron sanctuary which gives a spectacular view of 1000's of rhododendrons in full bloom during the season of April - May. Due to enchroachments ,and climate change ,many of these are endangered and threatened. Many of our large stock plants have been grown under these conditions for ten or more years and are still quite healthy and free blooming. Rhododendron Habitats in India Debjyoti Bhattacharyya and M. Sanjappa Botanical Survey of India Salt Lake City, Kolkata, West Bengal, India Abstract The genus Rhododendron L. (Ericaceae) is represented by about 80 species in India. Full length research articles and shorter research communications, review articles, scientific correspondence and commentaries, news and views, comments on recently published research papers, articles on universities and institutions, interviews with scientists, , book reviews, etc are published in the journal. The leaves are three to eight inches in length and up to three inches wide, narrowly elliptic to somewhat obovate in shape. R. dalhousiae has received several awards, including the Award of Merit (AM) in 1930 when shown by Clyne Castle, Swansea, and again in 1974 for the clone ‘Tom Spring-Smythe’ shown by Sandling Park. It is however borderline even in Cornwall and one of the first to die in a cold winter. http://s.si.edu/2tkRKAP. This species grows between 3300- 4000 m mostly in the Sikkim Hills. Vol. species/ name of Rhododendrons in Sikkim: (38 Species) SN Rhododendron species in Sikkim 1. Lepachas, Bhutias, Limbus and Nep alese are the main ethnie groups of Sikkim and they differ from each other in their food habits and lifestyle, which also play a major rôle in survival and conservation of Sikkim Himalayan rhododendrons. (c) 2020 Rhododendron Species Botanical Garden – Where the Wild Things Grow! We tested the association of floral traits with pollinators in response to elevation by identifying pollinators and measuring morphological and biochemical floral traits as well as studying the breeding systems of ten aggregated Rhododendron species in the Sikkim Himalaya. Barsey . I have not seen this clone in flower but it is labeled “best.”, 2001/243 Schick. Varsey Rhododendron Sanctuary, West Sikkim: See 70 reviews, articles, and 154 photos of Varsey Rhododendron Sanctuary, ranked No.6 on Tripadvisor among 29 attractions in West Sikkim. RHODODENDRON ARBOREUM IS the first of the rhododendron species to flower in the Sikkim Himalaya. In addition, tourists can also find a glimpse of species of musk deer, Himalayan black bear and red panda frequently in this sanctuary. [Pendulous Rhododendron, Nepali: Jhundinai Chimal]; The plant that was described in 1849 by Hooker came from Lachen in North Sikkim. Before Yumthang, Singba Rhodendron Sanctuary shelter numerous species of Rhodendron which are in bloom during the spring time. 39(1). Hootman, S.E. Note: We also have over a dozen clones accessioned from seed collected in the wild from distinct or superior selected wild specimens under the numbers 130sd1995, SEH#502, SEH#521 & SEH#522. Although most of these have flowered over the past few years, they have not yet been fully evaluated. Populations of this species in northern Sikkim are described as being uniformly lemon-green in color and have been designated as ssp. R. anthopogon. This species is native to the broad-leaved forest zone on the lower slopes of the eastern Himalaya from 5,000 to 9,000 feet in elevation. It is, however, quite amenable to life in a pot if provided with a free-draining soil-less mix and the appropriate amounts of water and fertilizer to compensate for the restricted root system. Total no. The main activity of the Association is publication of a fortnightly multidisciplinary journal. . August 26, 2016 Trekking in sikkim Barsey Rhododendron sanctuary trek, Barsey Rhododendron trek, Rhododendron trek in Sikkim, Rhododendron Trek in west Sikkim, Sikkim Rhododendron trek, Trekking in Monastery admin. For instance, one can see tall rhododendron species such as R. arboreum and R. falconeri in the lower temperate forests. Also, the calyx of R. lindleyi is distinctly fringed with long white hairs while that of R. dalhousiae is typically glabrous. Sikkim-Wikipedia There are about 36 Rhododendron species with 45 different forms (including subspecies and varieties) in the Sikkim Himalaya. One of the most spectacular of his many outstanding introductions was Rhododendron dalhousiae Hook.f (1849) which was proclaimed by Hooker to be “the noblest species of the whole race.” Its amazing four-and-a-half-inch long creamy white to pale yellow flowers created quite a stir when it flowered for the first time in cultivation, a mere three years after seed was introduced by Hooker in 1950. Many of these large evergreen trees had three or four massive specimens of R. dalhousiae growing within their lofty boughs, providing one of the greatest spectacles in nature that I have ever witnessed. Typical yellowish cream fading to cream. dalhousiae and var. Pradhan, U.C. © 2006 Current Science Association This makes it one of the leading states in the region in terms of production and supply … Covered: NJP/Bagdogra – Gangtok – Jorethang – Versey rhododendron species in sikkim Hilley – Uttarey – Pelling Duration 10... 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