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The S.S. Mahana was commonly referred to at the time as the “Bride Boat”, since many of its passengers were newlywed female post-war emigrants and their partners. During the War the Ministry of War Transport didn’t take up Mahana and therefore her war years were totally uneventful. In 1972 the Strick Line was purchased and in 1974, Princess Cruises was purchased. Sealing wax, medical supplies, dentists porcelain teeth, collar studs, gold, silver and brass watches, pipes, fountain pens, lead printing blocks, printing paper, copper pipe, dinner sets, comic books, silk, fabric, brass picture frames and hockey sticks have all been found. HMT Southland initially operated as a liner between Antwerp and New York under British registry, but was re-registered in Antwerp in 1903. After the beginning of the First World War, Vaderland was re-registered in Liverpool and converted to a troopship, ferrying troops of the Canadian Expeditionary Force from Halifax to Liverpool. World War II Troop Ships claims no ownership of the images displayed on this site except for those expressly stated to have been photographed by "Shayne E. Wallesch". She was carrying 2600 tons general and Australian mails, plus hospital supplies and medical staff and heading first for Devonport to embark 1,000 Australian wounded. World War II merchant ship movement records for Australia. She was requisitioned in 1916 and was used to transport the 22nd Battalion from Alexandria to Marseille in March 1916 as the AIF, and with the 2nd Division at the fore, moved to France for the fighting on the Western Front. The Southland was repaired and returned to White Star–Dominion for Liverpool–Quebec–Montreal service in August 1916, but on 4th June 1917 was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine SM U-70 while 140 nautical miles (260 km) northwest of Tory Island off the Irish coast. World War II Troop Ships is a "Fang, Ramses & Rupert " production. The submarine came up and interrupted the recovery and went alongside the Captain’s lifeboat. Also on board was the official war correspondent C.E.W. OR. Use the browse to easily search by the ship name. A small rowing boat is near the stern of the ship. However with most of the U-boat crew now below deck in preparation for diving, orders were given to open fire on the lifeboats to destroy the evidence of the torpedoing. Operated by the Anchor Line, the SS Castalia was a passenger and general cargo vessel, accommodating 102 cabin class passengers. The Llandovery Castle was struck by torpedo at night, and despite difficulty the crew and medical staff were able to get into a number of lifeboats before she sank, and they started to pick up survivors in the water. E-mail: gcgstephens@gmail.com Many thanks to Ted Finch for his assistance in collecting this data. We’ll also show you where to go for important historical material that we don’t hold. The transport ship Ascanius (A11) a steam passenger ship which was requisitioned in 1914 as troop transport for the Australian Expeditionary Force and returned to the owner in 1920. It is unclear if they were ever recaptured. Subsequent sailings in 1920 would take young English women to New Zealand in search of a husband. Bean. This ship was twice attacked by German submarines. No other ships are listed, including those which are only mentioned in the archives or shipping in 1971 sections.) Ascanius was part of the first convoy of ships carrying troops for overseas service to leave Australia in November 1914. Copyright Following the Twenty-Second. The U-boat commander took Captain Sylvester on board and started questioning him along with a Canadian Medical Officer in the belief that the ship had eight American Flying Officers on board. 14,499 tons, average cruise speed of 14 knots. She was commissioned as a hospital ship on 26th July 1916, and assigned to the Canadian Forces, equipped with 622 beds and a medical staff of 102. On 28 October 1914 ten New Zealand troop transports and their escorts steamed into King George Sound, Albany, Western Australia, to join 28 Australian ships and their escorts. Includes specifications, date of building and builder and some photographs, arranged by name of shipping company. The transport ship Ascanius (A11) a steam passenger ship which was requisitioned in 1914 as troop transport for the Australian Expeditionary Force and returned to the owner in 1920. Trove is a collaboration between the National Library of Australia and hundreds of Partner organisations around Australia. Also on board was Lieutenant LW Harricks, Adjutant of the 22nd Battalion, and there are plenty of his personal photographs and other memorabilia from the journey home in his private collection provided by Jennie Marshall. Built in 1906 by Barclay Curle & Co. Ltd of Glasgow. On 4 August 1914 when Britain declared war on Germany the ships of the Royal Australian Navy were at sea and proceeding to their war stations. In Australia in 1914 matters of foreign affairs and declarations of war and peace were within the exclusive province of the British Imperial Government. One of the more controversial events during the Great War was the sinking of the Canadian Hospital Ship Llandovery Castle by a German submarine, U-86, on 27th June, 1918. The Osmanieh was hired by the Royal Navy and used as a troop transport. In the summer of 1915 both the ships were involved in the Gallipoli campaign. 12,129 tons with an average cruise speed of 18 knots. On the journey the convoy stopped at Colombo to re-fuel, and the Orvieto took on board a number of prisoners from the German cruiser SMS Emden that had been engaged and put out of action by HMAS Sydney, a light cruiser of the Royal Australian Navy. The wreck was not discovered until the late 1960’s. The Scotian was finally scrapped in 1927. Royal Australian Navy. Ascanius was part of the first convoy of ships carrying troops for overseas service to leave Australia in November 1914. B10303. Around the photograph are signatures of some  of those on board. On a subsequent voyage on 27th October 1915 she transported the 6th reinforcements 22nd Battalion to Egypt. In January 1916 and following the recent evacuation from Gallipoli, the Ascanius picked up and transported the 22nd Battalion that had were waiting in Mudros Harbour, Lemnos, bound for Egypt where the AIF was re-grouping. This group of thirteen represented the most number of 5th/22nd returning home to Australia together at the same time.  During the First World War the Osterley was used as a troop ship by the AIF, and on 29th September 1915 conveyed the 5th/22nd Battalion to Egypt. Click here to view a site map. The transport ships are listed in chronological order, helping to tell the story of an Australian Infantry battalion during the First World War from their departure from Australia, arrival in Egypt, Gallipoli, and France, and then for the return to Australia at the end of the war. On 1st November 1919 she sailed for Brisbane and remained on the mail run until she was decommissioned in 1930. 198 persons were killed, including the Captain. Roger W. Jordan, The world’s merchant fleets 1939: the particulars and wartime fates of 6000 ships. During its sail from Egypt to Gallipoli on the 2nd September 1915 at 9:45am it was torpedoed by the German submarine UB-14 30 nautical miles (56 km) from Lemnos in the Aegean Sea. Troops on board HMAT Clan MacGillivray (A46) prior to departure with well-wishers gathered on the wharf holding paper streamers connecting them to the men on the ship. On board, the crew consisted of one hundred and sixty-four men, eighty officers and men of the Canadian Medical Corps, and fourteen nurses, a total of two hundred and fifty-eight persons. All rights reserved. In March 1915, Kyarra was converted into a troop transport. This collection includes photographs of the many troop transport ships from WWI. She described in verse the arrival in 1920 of the last ship to Australia, the Shropshire. On 8th March 1915 she was commissioned under the British Admiralty and performed mine laying duties along the east coast of Britain in the North Sea. For the full list of transports used by the 22nd Battalion, see the bottom of this section, plus for a more comprehensive list of the dozens of transports used as troop ships by the AIF during the war, please use the following links: Orient Line passenger steamship built 1909 Firstly, going to war, the vessel was the 'HAWKES BAY' which > disembarked the troops in Egypt on the 24-05-1916. Since its foundation in 1913, the Royal Australian Navy has operated a large number of … In Spring 1918 she was placed on Atlantic convoy duties, and at the end of the war she was returned to the Orient Line. Camouflaged troop transport Argyllshire loaded with troops in Sydney Harbour. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Alaunia: In 1914 the Alaunia and the Andania, were used as troop ships carrying Canadian troops across the Atlantic. The Scotian originally sailed the North Atlantic routes from Europe to North America and was brought into war service in September 1914 to help augment the ships of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary, first bringing troops of the Canadian Expeditionary Force to England. So if you are looking for a particular ship or unit, you will have to use the FIND function in your browser. For the full list of transports used by the 22nd Battalion, see the bottom of this section, plus for a more comprehensive list of the dozens of transports used as troop ships by the AIF during the war, please use the following links: Flotilla Australia Digger History Australian Light Horse Studies Centre She was unescorted, and on 8 October 1916 and U-35 torpedoed her in the Mediterranean between Sardinia and Tunisia.Her munitions exploded and she sank in 15 minutes. > > > > After the war he was returned to Australia on the 'NEVASA'.Embarkation The hull was painted white with a large red cross on the side. Educational value points. Joining with the 26 Australian transports were another 10 from New Zealand with an escort provided by the cruisers HMSMinotaur, HMAS Melbourne and HMAS Sydney. I came across two excellent resources while researching the story behind a soldier from Victoria, BC and I thought I’d share them with you. The five liners mentioned here were all used at various times as troop ships and as hospital ships, with two being lost to submarine attack. These merchant ship papers have been scanned from the original documents and are posted in PDF format. For questions or comments about this site, please e-mail ww2_troopships@comcast.net. (London: Chatham Publishing,1999). 6,953 tons, length 415ft. The ship did not sink immediately, and was eventually beached on Lemnos, and all but 40 of 1,400 men were able to leave in lifeboats and were picked up by other transports. The name Kyarra was taken from the aboriginal for possum fur. On 6 November 1914 she was requisitioned and converted into a hospital ship (HMAT A.55 Kyarra) for the purpose of transporting Australian medical units to Egypt. Launched in 1913, the Ulysses was the largest ship to serve as a troop carrier, and was leased by the Commonwealth until 15th August 1917. The Ulysses also sailed between Australia and England during the Second World War, again ferrying Australian troops and airmen to the front. Simpson and Duffy WW1 Australian Hero Gallipoli Children's Book Not Only a Hero: An Illustrated Life of Simpson, the Man with the Donkey A is for ANZAC - Primary School Gallipoli Book Fear Drive My Feet Aust New Guinea Commando Ryan 100 Days To Victory DVD Brief History of the Third Reich By M. Whittock Winning World War One The Western Front Diaries DVD Australian Light Horse Classic … Built in 1914 in Glasgow for the Union-Castle Line. In May 1918 the Kyarra was on route from Tilbury, London to Sydney. TRANSPORT SHIPS this page Australian Troop Transports Prefix A1 - A28 In the First Convoy 1st November 1914 Hired Military Australian Transport Hired Military New Zealand Transport The Great European War The Great War World War 1 5th August 1914 - 11 November 1918 *A Maritime Tribute* Each requisitioned vessel was given transport number - She was leased by the Commonwealth and was part of the first convoy transporting the 3rd Infantry Brigade to Egypt in November 1914. The Fremantle registered Kyarra was a twin-masted schooner-rigged steamer built in 1903 by the W. Denny Brothers ship builders, Dumbarton on the river Clyde, Scotland. The commander, Helmut Patzig could not be found and was never brought to trial. The Navy’s immediate tasks were to seize Germany’s regional possessions and counter the threat posed by the German East Asiatic Cruiser Squadron based in China. The following list … WW1 Points of Interest Combined Battalions Various Photos Australian Troop Ships A - I Tasmania 1915 Queensland 1914 - 1915 2nd Pioneer Battalion FOR KING and EMPIRE South Australians who have Responded to their Country's Call. Unit names are spelled out when they fit (but not always); so search for the unit number - e.g., "106" or …  She was armed with a quick-firing gun mounted on her stern as a defence against U-boats. With over 6 million British Service Men serving abroad during the Great War, transporting the troops was a considerable undertaking.Recording their movement was a necessity, especially considering the range of their destinations – these records include ports ranging such as …  She was operated by the Orient Steamship Navigation Company on the United Kingdom to Australia service. Australia's dual loyalty was evident in the name of the volunteer force formed in September 1914, the Australian Imperial Force (AIF). 2375 Pte Smith, 2464 Pte Bolger and 2469 Pte Edwards of the 5th/22nd returned to Australia on the Ulysses. Troop transport HMAT Benalla (A24), crowded with troops, departing from the wharf. It was picked up by the destroyer Lysander on the morning of 29 June, 36 hours after the attack. A hospital ship (HS) is designated for primary function as a medical treatment facility or hospital; most are operated by the military forces or navies of various countries around the world, as they are intended to be used in or near war zones. They are held by Archives New Zealand, and can usually be located on their Archway database: 1. http://www.archway.archives.govt.nz Archives have digitised these files – view an example here(click on pdf link to download) Personnel files contain a lot of military short-hand and can be hard to understand. Hospital ships were covered under the Hague Convention X of 1907. The list of ships below includes ships for which information can be found in the timetables/sailing lists or other publications shown on this website. In July 1916 she was placed on the Northern Patrol and over a six month period intercepted 30 foreign merchantmen which were sent into British ports for searching. Built in 1917 by Workman Clark, Belfast. Kanowna Built in 1902, Kanowna was of 6,993 grt, owned by the Australian United Steam Navigation Company (AUSN) and used on the Sydney to Fremantle passenger service. There are a total of [ 119 ] WW1 Warships and Submarines (1914-1918) entries in the Military Factory. In addition, I now can offer a partial passengerlist of soldiers carried by the USS George Washingtonto Europe during the War(those listed are primarily officers). About U.S., World War I Troop Transport Ships, 1918-1919. 11,796 tons, speed 13 knots. Ancestry.com offers a search engine that may help connect a particular service person with a troopship. Troop Transports: The badge of Australian Naval Transport 1912/1918. After being refitted as a troop carrier, the Orvieto sailed as part of the first convoy of ships carrying troops from Australia and New Zealand for Europe during the First World War, departing Albany Western Australia on 1st November 1914. The men were sentenced to 4 years of hard labour, but escaped while underway to the prison. The New Zealand Defence Force Archives provides a useful information sheet to h… My soldier was a member of the 67th Battalion (Western Scots) and sailed aboard the RMS Olympic in early April 1916. In 1949 she was chartered by the Ministry of Food for use as a cold storage unit before being scrapped at Dalmuir in 1953. We have develope… Sydney, NSW, 1916-05. Built by Harland & Wolff, Belfast and launched in May 1898. Avoiding the German cruiser ‘Emden’ twice in 1914, the Osterley came through the war unscathed and was returned to commercial service in January 1919. Today the Kyarra is one of the most well-known and popular wrecks for divers in southern England. The ship weighed 6,444 tons with an average cruise speed of 12 knots or 22.22 kmph. The 1st and 2nd Australian General Hospital medical staff sailed from Brisbane on the 21st November 1914 to Sydney where it set course on 28th November for Egypt. It was owned by the Commonwealth & Dominion Line, London. The second attack, in the English Channel, resulted in the ship being struck by a torpedo but it managed to reach Plymouth. She sank the next morning. Red Star ocean liner launched July 1900 as SS Vaderland. These men were not officially in the military nor were they 100% civilian. The ship was returning to England after having brought Canadian casualties back to Halifax, Nova Scotia. After the war, the British initiated a War Crimes trial against the officers of U-86. Minnie Taylor from Twickenham was one such bride having just married 2394 Pte Stephens of the 22nd Battalion. In September 1915 she was used to transport the 22nd Battalion from the Greek island of Lemnos to Anzac Cove on the Gallipoli Peninsula. On 31st December 1917, having sailed from Southampton with troops and medical personnel on board, the Osmanieh was sunk by a mine from the German submarine UC-34 at the entrance to the Alexandria Harbour. The holds still contain perfume, champagne, stout, red wine, and vinegar bottles. 12,130 tons, length 163m. On 8th May 1915 she set sail from Melbourne with the first contingents of the 21st and 22nd Battalions and 6th Brigade Headquarters. Fourteen persons were killed by the explosion and twenty two were drowned including AIF 6th Brigade Commanding Officer Brigadier General Linton. In all she completed nine transport trips from Australia until her final voyage on 11th May 1917, which also included the 19th reinforcements of the 22nd Battalion. The Ascanius was sold in 1949 and renamed the San Giovannio, and was finally scrapped in Italy in July 1952. Survivors were rescued from the water the next day. (This is a mandatory criterion. Click on link for historical footage of the Orvieto departing Melbourne in 1914. The Southland was later used in the Mediterranean to carry troops of the 6th Essex regiment and two companies of 1/7th Essex from Devonport to Gallipoli from 4th July 1915 to 11th August 1915, and later from Alexandria, the Australian 2nd Division headquarters with the 21st Battalion. This was denied and the Captain and Medical Officer were allowed back into the lifeboat. Original data: U.S., WWI Troop Transport Ships, 1918-1919. The Ulysses was torpedoed by an unknown German submarine in 1942 and sunk off Florida after apparently disobeying an order that would have led her through safer waters. Australian United Steam Navigation Co.Ltd built in 1903 An Australian Infantry Battalion in the First World War. The Ascanius was re-employed as a troopship in the Second World War. She then proceeded to Egypt via Aden where the troops (and prisoners) disembarked. On board was Major General Bridges, Commander of the AIF, and his staff, plus the 5th Infantry Battalion. The RMS Osterley was built by the London & Glasgow Shipbuilding Co on the Clyde in 1909. Unknown to Captain William Smith German submarine captain Oberleutnant Johann Lohs was watching him through the periscope of UB-57. Trove is a collaboration between the National Library of Australia and hundreds of Partner organisations around Australia. Use this guide to get research advice, links to information and examples of material that will help you understand our collections, and find and use our First World War resources, with a special emphasis on online resources. The list is in chronological order by departure date. In the early morning of 26th May 1918, the Kyarra had cleared the Isle of Wight and was moving fast through calm seas around Anvil Point just off Swanage, Dorset. The clip concludes with a shot of troops waving from onboard ship and footage of a battleship and passenger liners carrying the troops steaming out of Sydney Harbour. Euripides made a quick passage of the Great Australian Bight, and after waiting in Albany for the remainder of what was now known as Convoy 1 to assemble, sailed with the fleet from Western Australia on 1 November. Researching WW1 Troopships. In August 1915 the Scotian was boarded by the 22nd Battalion at Alexandria, en-route to the staging island of Lemnos before heading to Gallipoli. The Mahana, launched on 11th January 1917, was taken up under the Liner Requisition Scheme in the April, three months before she was completed. Australia’s free online research portal. > > I'm tracing details of two WW1 troop > ships which transported Grand-dad to and from the war zones in > > 1916 @ 1919. A Miss Campbell, known affectionately to the soldiers as ‘the girl with the flags’, gained fame during the course of the war for the welcome she gave to troop ships passing through Durban, South Africa. Built by Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson, Ltd., Newcastle in 1906 and owned by the Kedivial Co.. She was subsequently renamed the Marengo and then Urania II in 1950 before being scrapped in Italy in December 1953. During her time in operation the Osterley would run 59 voyages from the United Kingdom to Australia before being decommissioned and broken up in 1930. Built in 1910 by Workman, Clark in Belfast, 10,048 tons, length 150.3 metres, speed 14 knots. On board were thirteen members of the 5th/22nd that had sailed together from Melbourne on the Osterley four years previous. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. She had the capacity to carry 1,500 passengers, but her 3rd Class accommodation for 450 passengers was removed in 1926 and she was converted for use as a cargo ship. The following transport ships were used to convey the troops of the 5th/22nd, the 22nd Battalion plus other key elements of the AIF during the First World War. Click on picture for U-tube dive video footage, courtesy of Swanage Boat Charters Ltd. The P&O General Cargo division was formed in 1971 to operate all subsidiary companies cargo ships as one fleet. S.S. Ascanius, departing of the South Australian infantry of the first Australian expeditionary force. On 13th April 1919 she sailed from Devonport with soldiers of the AIF returning to Australia. The Alexander Turnbull Library and the National Library of New Zealand have significant collections relating to all aspects of New Zealand and New Zealanders during the First World War. All 14 Nursing Sisters on board lost their lives. For the Canadians this was the most significant naval disaster in the war, and given the status of the ship and the medical crew on board was met with outrage. The SS Port Lyttelton [sometimes referred to as SS Port Lydelton in Australian sources] was formerly the SS Niwaru but requisitioned in 1916 as a troop ship and renamed to SS Port Lyttelton. Background. Back. Later that year the Alaunia carried troops to Bombay. Personnel files are the most useful source for researching First World War soldiers, and should be the researcher’s first port of call. The transport ship HMAT Ballarat after the troops had left the ship, subsequent upon being torpedoed on by a German submarine in the English Channel on 25 April 1917. After the war she resumed her refrigerated meat service, sailing between Liverpool and Australia. The Troopship Demosthenes about to leave the wharf are with Troops bound for the Front. The two other officers, Ludwig Dithmar and John Boldt were tried and convicted. While under the operation of White Star–Dominion in 1915, she was renamed Southland to avoid the German-sounding Vaderland. Various sources. Owned by China Mutual SN Co. London Being a Hospital Ship, it was clearly identified as such with a brightly illuminated Red Cross, was unarmed and running with full lights. The Ascanius was originally a passenger / refrigerated cargo steamship owned by the Ocean Steamship Company, Liverpool. Browse this collection. Australia’s free online research portal. Only one lifeboat survived the attack. *** FAMILY SECTION: 22nd Battalion Association – 22nd Bn Assoc ECHO Newsletter 1943 – 1978 ***, *** FAMILY SECTION: 22nd Bn BATTLEFIELD PICTURE GALLERY – recent tour photographs taken where the 22nd Bn fought ***, *** FAMILY SECTION: WESTERN FRONT PICTURE GALLERY – recent battlefield tour photographs ***, *** EVENTS ARCHIVE:  22nd BATTALION (1916-1919) – GEO-REFERENCED TRENCH MAPS [reproduced with permission of the National Library of Scotland] ***, *** COMBAT AREAS: 22nd BATTALION (all except Gallipoli) – GEO-REFERENCED TRENCH MAPS ***, *** COMBAT AREAS: AIF DIVISIONS (all except Gallipoli) – GEO-REFERENCED TRENCH MAPS ***, 11th Nov 1920: The Cenotaph unveiled & the Unknown Warrior laid to rest, 10th Nov 1920: The Unknown Warrior arrives in England, 19th Jul 1919: Victory Parade through London, 28th Jun 1919: Peace Treaty signed at Versailles, 21st Jun 1919: German High Seas Fleet scuttled at Scapa Flow, 24th May 1919: Final 22nd Bn men leave Belgium, Join the 22nd Battalion Facebook Community. Launched in September 1913 and completed in January 1914, the Llandovery Castle initially sailed between London and East Africa, then London and West Africa. Its first … The Castalia survived both wars and was sold to an Italian line in 1949 running a service to Central America. The Kyarra was struck by a torpedo portside amidships, sinking and killing 6 of her 126 crew members.Â. Although torpedoed she made it to port and resumed service to Australia in 1946. Just twenty four people survived the attack on the lifeboats, including six members of the Canadian Army Medical Corps. Although just a sub-section of the ships used by the Australians in the war they are nevertheless representative of the types of vessels used. France: Gallia – The troop ship was carrying more than 2,000 French and Serbian troops and a cargo of artillery and ammunition to Greece. Are only mentioned in the ship was returning to England after having brought Canadian casualties back Halifax. 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On the lifeboats, including six members of the first convoy of ships troops! Are only mentioned in the English Channel, resulted in the Gallipoli campaign total of 119! Firstly, going to War, again ferrying Australian troops and airmen to the Front the ocean Steamship Company Liverpool... Footage of the AIF returning to Australia together at the same time Sydney Harbour of origin and necessarily... Underway to the prison, stout, red wine, and was never brought to trial launched May... Proceeded to Egypt via Aden where the troops in Egypt on the Ulysses also sailed between Australia and hundreds Partner. Ltd of Glasgow as a troopship in the War they are nevertheless representative of the 5th/22nd returned to Australia the... Documents and list of australian troop ships ww1 posted in PDF format for which information can be found in the archives or shipping 1971! Minnie Taylor from Twickenham was one such bride having just married 2394 Stephens... The Alaunia carried troops to Bombay help connect a particular ship or unit, you have... Transports: the badge of Australian Naval transport 1912/1918 Kyarra is one of 5th/22nd...

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